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India Fact File

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India Fact File

India Fact File

Capital: New Delhi Geographically, India consist of 29 States and 7 Union Territories
Bordering Countries: China, Nepal and Bhutan to the North, Afghanistan and Pakistan to north –west, Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east and Sri Lanka to the South


India Fact File

Land area

3.29 sq km


New Delhi

Population (census 2011)

1.2 billon


Hindi (Official language of the Union), English (Business Language)

Major International Airport

Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bangalore, Chennai, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Thiruvananthapuram

Major Seaport

Mumbai, New Mangalore, Kolkata, Kandla, Kochi, Chennai, Ennore, Haldia, Mormugao, Paradip, Tuticorin, Vishakapatnam

Major Cities

New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Pune, Lucknow, Kanpur

Time Zone

5 Hours 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)


India Rupee (INR)

India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and second largest by population. Located in South Asia, the country supports over 16% of the world’s population Bordering and more than 2.4% of the world’s land.

Geological Characteristic


Broadly, India’s climate can be classified as tropical monsoon. The Country has four season:summer (March-June), Monsoon (June-September), Autumn (October-November) and Winter (December-February)[1]

Natural Resource

coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land[2]

Flora and fauna

More than 47, 000 species of flora over 89,000 species of fauna are found here

Major River

Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Narmada, Tapi are the major rivers in the country


India has a coastline of almost 7,000 km encircling mainland. The Andaman and Nicobar and the Lakshadweep islands are also a part of the country.[3]



Indian Railway network spread over 65,800 km with running of 12,617 passenger and 7,421 freight trains passing each day from 7,172 stations plying 23 million travellers and 2.65 million tonnes of goods daily


India has a road network of approximately 4.1 million km and Indian roads carry about 65% of freight and 85 % of passenger traffic.


14,500 km

Number of Airports

Airport Authority of India manages 115 airports in the country

Demographic Profile

India with 1.2 billion people is the second most populous country in the world accounting 16% of the world’s populations. The population of India increased more than 181 million during the last decade (2001-2011).


1.2 billion (Urban; 37.7%, Rural 83.3%)

Population growth rate


Birth rate

20.22 birth/1000 Population

Death Rate

7.4 death/ 1000 population

Life expectancy

67.48 years

Population Sex ratio

940 females per 1000 males

Age Structure

India has a young population, with around 66% in the age group of 15 to 64 years.

The median age in the country Is 27.3 years, and its lower than many countries in the world.


*Source: CIA Factbook

Level of Urbanization

Urbanization in India 2050

No of People (Million)












Grand Total




% Urban




Level of Urbanization has increased from 27.81% in 2001 to 31.16% whereas the proportion of rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.84%. There has been greater addition in the number of people in urban areas as compare to rural areas in the last decade. This is the first time that the decadal change in absolute urban population has been more than that seen in absolute rural population in the country. India’s population figures showing that there has been a gradual demographic shift from urban to rural population.

India, China and Nigeria together are expected to account for more 37% of the projected growth of the world’s urban population between 2014 and 2050. As per projection India is expected to add 404 million urban dwellers followed by China and Nigeria accounting 292 and 212 million respectively.

India has one of the largest school age populations in the world. It has well established education system, with approximately 1.4 million schools across the country with more than 131 million students. [4]

In the area of higher education, India has more than 700 Universities and more than 11, 000 standalone institutions and 36671 colleges. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) and Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) are a group of premier Institutions in India that offers technical and management degree, respectively.



[1] CIA World Fact book, CIA Website:, access 12t October 02015

[2] CIA World Factbook, CIA Website:, access 12th, October 2015

[3] CIA World Factbook, CIA Website:, access 12th, October 2015

[4] Source: Educational Statistic at a Glance, Ministry of Human Resource Development Bureau of Planning, Monitoring & Statistic 2014. for more information please visit

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